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What Is A Trust And Do I Really Need One?
What is a trust? Simply explained, it is a legal entity created for the purpose of transferring title of your assets into a separately created legal entity (the trust) in a separate agreement, which thereafter is to be administered by an individual or institutional trustee for a beneficiary The trustee can be anyone you designate, including yourself. Well-written trusts can save money, time and other difficulties by moving assets away from your estate and the probate process and getting them into the hands of the people you’d like to have them before you die.
Basic types of trusts include:
- Living trusts (or inter vivos), which operate while you are alive
- Testamentary trusts, which go into effect after your death
- Revocable trusts, which allow you to change the provisions later
- Irrevocable trusts, which cannot be changed once in place
The main value of a revocable trust is that you can transfer legal ownership of assets without actually giving up your control of them. In Virginia, for example, you can name yourself both trustee and beneficiary. You can also revoke the trust at any time and take back ownership of the assets. You can also change the agreement if you want or transfer assets into and out of the trust.
Trusts can help you save on taxes. You can transfer ownership of property at will and potentially from a high-tax situation to a lower-tax situation. They can also help in cases such as the following:
- I am the sole support of my elderly and nagging father. If I die before my father, there is no assurance that he will be able to care for himself. He does not like people and constantly argues with the neighbors about the weather. Therefore, instead of willing my money directly to my father, I can set up a testamentary trust with a bank and my sibling as co-trustees. In a case like this, with an aging parent, it’s a good idea to use both a bank trust department and an individual (my sibling or another family member or friend) as trustees. The bank’s trust department will help with financial expertise, and my sibling can enjoy dealing with good o’l Dad. If I die while my father is still living, the bank will invest the money and work with my sibling to use the proceeds for our father’s support. When he dies, the remaining funds will be distributed to my sibling and any other beneficiaries designated in the trust.
- My wife and I intend to leave a sum to our son, but we are concerned about his ability to handle the money. Rather than give him the entire amount at once, we set up a trust that will generate income for him until he reaches age 25, when he’ll get half the principal. He’ll get the remainder of the money when he turns 30.
Establishing A Trust
Please contact The Dickerson & Smith Law Group to discuss any other specific questions. If a trust is fitting for your situation, we will make recommendations at that time. Normally, a bank or other professional such as an attorney administers a trust for a fee. We recommend that you appoint a friend or relative who knows the trust’s beneficiary and who might be willing to serve for a smaller fee or even for expenses only. Husbands and wives normally act as trustees for each other’s trusts. You should appoint at least two trustees in case one becomes incapacitated and name a successor who will take over if a trustee dies. We look forward to being able to assist you with your asset planning. Call our office today at 757-828-0031 or 800-506-8133.